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Clonidine

Sounds Like: klaa.nuh.deen

Classification: antihypertensive

Controlled Substance Act Schedule: N/A

Other names for Clonidine

  • Catapres
  • Kapvay
  • Nexiclon

Clonidine Addiction

Clonidine doesn’t chemically induce addictive behavior, but it does result in a certain level of physical dependency for users. The body acclimates to how clonidine regulates blood pressure, quitting use cold-turkey can cause acute hypertension. This can even lead to a hypertensive crisis, which constitutes an emergency. 

Physicians recommend that the use of clonidine be gradually reduced when one discontinues clonidine therapy. This is because withdrawal is detrimental to one’s health. Treating the kind of hypertension that comes from clonidine withdrawal requires different efforts based on how severely or acutely the effects compound. It could be as simple as restarting clonidine therapy, but worse cases necessitate the prescription of other alpha and beta blockers. 

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Intended Use of Clonidine

Catapres, or clonidine, is an antihypertensive. It’s meant to alter nerve impulses in the brain, so the blood vessels relax so as not to constrict blood flow. That lowers users’ blood pressure, which is the typical reason for taking the medicine. Other conditions commonly treated with Catapres would also be attention deficit disorder, menopausal effects, diarrhea and withdrawal from alcohol, nicotine or opioids.

How Clonidine Is Taken

The drug is taken a variety of ways. It’s administered orally yet also by syringe to directly into a vein. It can also be taken like an epidural, injected near the spinal cord. Taking it transdermally is another option in which it’s delivered across the skin so that the skin can distribute the substance throughout the body from a surface level.

Side Effects of
Clonidine

  • moderate hypertension
  • hypertensive crisis

Signs of an
Addiction to Clonidine

Clonidine isn’t considered a habit-forming or addictive drug. Other stimulant medications are, however, which leads many to suspect that Clonidine is similarly addictive.

Clonidine
Abuse Facts

Clonidine come into medical usage in 1966.

More than 11 million people in the United States take clonidine