Cocaine addiction is a complex disease that requires treatment. The Landmark Recovery of Boston treatment center provides research-based therapies and individualized drug treatment plans to help guide you through recovery from cocaine addiction.
Regardless of how it enters the body, cocaine produces its effects by travelling to the brain and increasing the concentration of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine.2 The elevated levels of these neurotransmitters provide the user with feelings of intense pleasure, boosted energy, increased mental alertness, and sociability. Some of the many adverse effects of cocaine use include:3
High doses of cocaine can cause tremors, convulsions, hallucinations, dangerously high body temperature, stroke, heart attack, coma, and death.3 Long-term abuse can lead to several health issues, including dramatic weight loss, gastrointestinal damage, sexual dysfunction, sleeping difficulties, depression, lung and heart problems, movement disorders, memory loss, and blood infections.4
Because a cocaine high doesn’t last very long, many people will take this drug again and again to keep feeling good and avoid crashing. Repeated cocaine use disrupts how the brain’s dopamine system works, reducing your ability to feel pleasure from normal, everyday activities. Eventually the brain starts craving cocaine, as you will become unable to experience pleasure in the absence of the drug.5
Chronic users also develop tolerance to cocaine, meaning that more of the drug is needed to get the desired effect. The use of increasingly larger amounts of cocaine becomes very dangerous, as it puts you at greater risk for overdose and other adverse effects.4 Over time, repeated cocaine use will lead to addiction, a devastating brain disease characterized by the compulsive and uncontrollable use of cocaine despite the substantial harm and negative consequences that are produced.
The use of cocaine can be very dangerous, especially when combined with other drugs. According to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, cocaine has been consistently present in opioid-related overdose deaths, more so than any other drug.8 In 2020, toxicology screens ordered by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner detected cocaine in roughly half (46%) of all opioid overdose deaths recorded in Massachusetts.9
Cocaine is a major concern among individuals seeking substance abuse treatment in Massachusetts. According to admissions data maintained by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 4,849 people admitted to Massachusetts treatment centers in 2019 reported an addiction to cocaine or crack.10 Overall, cocaine addiction accounted for nearly 8% of all admissions to Massachusetts substance abuse treatment facilities.
Upon your arrival, our medical team will perform a complete medical exam and psychological evaluation. We will then develop a personalized treatment plan for you, ensuring that the addiction treatment you receive is appropriate for your condition and specific recovery needs. Depending on the nature of your addiction and the presence of any unique challenges (such as a co-occurring mental health disorder), your treatment may be provided through a combination of residential treatment, partial hospitalization, or intensive outpatient programs.
Landmark Recovery of Boston offers a medical detox program that can safely manage your withdrawal from cocaine. Our team of clinical specialists will keep you safe and comfortable during the entire detox process with expert care, support, and medications that reduce cravings and negative withdrawal symptoms. We also provide around-the-clock monitoring and will promptly address any medical complications that may arise, such as severe depression that can lead to suicidal thoughts and actions if not properly treated.11
Please call Landmark Recovery’s Boston-area recovery center at 978-619-8073 to learn more about our personalized medical detox and cocaine addiction treatment programs.
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1) National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine Research Report: What is Cocaine?https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-cocaine
2) National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine Research Report: How does Cocaine Produce its Effects?https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/how-does-cocaine-produce-its-effects
3) National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine Research Report: What are the Short-Term Effects of Cocaine Use?https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-are-short-term-effects-cocaine-use
4) National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine Research Report: What are the Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Use?https://nccd.cdc.gov/DPH_ARDI/Default/Report.aspx?T=AAM&P=E791BA70-7A3F-4254-8BB0-596D24149AD2&R=2C5E3AD9-F668-4790-8599-4ACBB704569E&M=C2CFDAA5-106C-487C-A7A5-9A7CB6623522&F=&D=
5) Nestler EJ. The neurobiology of cocaine addiction. Science and Practice Perspectives. 2005;3(1):4-10.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18552739/
6) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2020). National Survey on Drug Use and Health: 2017-2018 State-Specific Tables, Tables 53-54. Massachusetts.https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2017-2018-nsduh-state-specific-tables
7) Massachusetts Department of Public Health. (2017). Health and Risk Behaviors of Massachusetts Youth, 2017.https://www.mass.gov/doc/health-and-risk-behaviors-of-massachusetts-youth-2017/download
8) Massachusetts Department of Public Health. (2020). Data Brief: Trends in Stimulant-Related Overdose Deaths.https://www.mass.gov/doc/data-brief-trends-in-stimulant-related-overdose-deaths-february-2020/download
9) Massachusetts Department of Public Health. (2020). Data Brief: Opioid-Related Overdose Deaths among Massachusetts Residents.https://www.mass.gov/doc/opioid-related-overdose-deaths-among-ma-residents-november-2020/download?_ga=2.199503726.112962291.1614472243-1990217391.1606184660
10) Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set. (2020). Massachusetts TEDS admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use and gender, age at admission, race, and ethnicity: Percent, 2019.https://wwwdasis.samhsa.gov/webt/newmapv1.htm
11) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2015). Treatment Improvement Protocol 45: Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment.https://store.samhsa.gov/product/TIP-45-Detoxification-and-Substance-Abuse-Treatment/SMA15-4131
12) National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine Research Report: How is cocaine addiction treated?https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-treatments-are-effective-cocaine-abusers