Alcohol and drug addiction, also known as substance abuse or substance use disorder, is not a choice but rather a serious medical condition. Addiction does not discriminate and never looks the same. The first step in any successful, long-term substance abuse rehabilitation program is detox.
However, different substances have different withdrawal symptoms that require unique detox timelines and methods. At Landmark Recovery, your health, safety, and success are our only priorities. Our Oklahoma City facility can help you on the path to recovery with medically supervised and medication-assisted detox. As part of our rehab services, we create a holistic treatment plan for your addiction that addresses both the physical effects and mental causes of addiction.
Landmark Recovery offers the services and support you need to take back your life beyond just detoxification. We encourage you to learn more about full range or residential, inpatient, and outpatient rehab programs.
The abuse of alcohol, illegal drugs, and prescription drugs has reached a crisis level in Oklahoma. According to the National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors, substance abuse and addiction costs Oklahoma and its residents an estimated $7.2 billion a year. 1 Unfortunately, this dollar amount does not account for the true cost of these afflictions, including the nearly 1,000 Oklahomans who die each year from drug overdose. 2
According to results from a recent national survey conducted, nearly half of all Oklahoma residents use some form of psychoactive drugs at least occasionally.3 Over 47% of Oklahoma residents (aged 12 and older) currently drink alcohol and nearly a quarter of all Oklahomans report binge drinking within the past month.3 Nearly 1 in 14 Oklahoma residents currently use marijuana, and around 1 in 8 have used marijuana within the last year.3 Nearly 1 in 50 Oklahoma residents occasionally use cocaine, around 1 in 300 use heroin, and about 1 in 100 use methamphetamines. 3 Oklahoma tops all other states when it comes to the abuse of prescription opioid painkillers, with 1 in 20 Oklahomans reporting the use of painkillers for nonmedical reasons. 4
More than 260,000 Oklahoma residents, over 8% of the state’s population, currently suffer from drug or alcohol addiction.3 Unfortunately, only 14,229 Oklahomans (less than 6% of those in need of substance abuse treatment) actually received any form of treatment in Oklahoma treatment centers in 2019. 5
Often individuals believe they can quit drugs or alcohol either on their own or with family and community support. However, many people who have become physically or psychologically dependent on drugs and alcohol will have withdrawal symptoms if they suddenly stop using drugs or drinking. Even over the counter prescriptions can produce withdrawal symptoms. The physical and mental symptoms will vary for each person based on the length and severity of addiction as well as their substance of choice.
Withdrawal from stimulant drugs, like cocaine and methamphetamines, can begin within hours of the last use and typically lasts for 3-4 days. Symptoms commonly experienced during stimulant withdrawal include anxiety, irritability, paranoia, depression, fatigue, sleep disturbances, decreased energy, increased appetite, and intense drug craving. 6 Potentially life-threatening health complications that may arise during stimulant withdrawal include heart attack, stroke, paranoia, violence, and profound depression (dysphoria) that can lead to suicide.
Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal usually appear 24-48 hours after blood alcohol level drops and can last for 5-7 days. Signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal include anxiety, agitation, restlessness, elevated pulse and blood pressure, high fever, trembling, excessive sweating, nausea and vomiting, and diarrhea.6 Health complications such as seizures, hallucinations, and delirium tremens must be promptly addressed and treated or may result in death.
Withdrawal from opioids such as heroin typically begins within 24 hours of the last dose and lasts between 4-7 days. Common symptoms include abdominal cramps, bone and muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, goosebumps, runny nose, teary eyes, yawning, elevated pulse and blood pressure, and insomnia. 6 Severe gastrointestinal symptoms, such as vomiting or diarrhea, can lead to dehydration or electrolyte imbalance and should be treated with oral fluids.
The onset of marijuana withdrawal is debatable but most feel that symptoms typically begin a few days after cessation of use and can last up to several weeks. Common withdrawal symptoms include anxiety, irritability, change in appetite (anorexia), sleep disturbance, nausea, concentration problems, excessive sweating, and diarrhea.6
The first step in recovery from addiction is detoxification (or detox), a process that involves the elimination of all drug or alcohol substances from the body. Detox is a critical process that must be successfully completed before the start of any rehab therapy. Because withdrawal symptoms experienced during detox can be very uncomfortable and potentially life-threatening, it is highly recommended to undergo detox under proper medical supervision at a professional rehab center.
Landmark Recovery of Oklahoma City offers a medically supervised substance abuse detox program that can help you get through the experience of drug and alcohol withdrawal. Our specially trained clinicians manage our patients physical and emotional symptoms of withdrawal to keep you safe and comfortable during the entire detox process. depending on what substance you use, we may offer medication-assisted detox that can help reduce the intense cravings and severe pain and discomfort commonly associated with drug and alcohol withdrawal. Our medical team provides around-the-clock care and support while closely monitoring you for any signs of dangerous complications that can lead to seizures, coma, or death.
Following the completion of detox, which usually lasts between 3-5 days, you will be ready to transition into Landmark Recovery’s evidence-based substance abuse treatment. Treatment programs are a combination of science-backed therapies that can include medication-assisted treatment, individual and group counseling, and a variety of behavioral therapies. During your participation in behavioral therapy, we will work to identify underlying issues that may be triggering your addiction and teach you behaviors and ways of thinking that will help manage stress, control cravings, and prevent relapse. 7
We can help prepare you to live beyond addiction. Talk to a recovery specialist today.
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Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. (2010). State of Addiction.http://www.odmhsas.org/stateofaddictionc%20(2).pdf
The Oklahoma Commission on Opioid Abuse. (2018). The Oklahoma Commission on Opioid Abuse: Final Report.http://www.oag.ok.gov/Websites/oag/images/Oklahoma%20Commission%20on%20Opioid%20Abuse%20Final%20Report.pdf#page=2
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2019). National Survey on Drug Use and Health: 2017-2018 State-Specific Tables, Tables 83-84. Oklahoma.https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2016-2017-nsduh-state-specific-tables
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2017). State and Substate Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Prescription Pain Relievers.https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/report_3187/ShortReport-3187.html
Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set. (2020). Indiana TEDS admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use and gender, age at admission, race, and ethnicity: Percent, 2019.https://wwwdasis.samhsa.gov/webt/newmapv1.htm
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2015). Treatment Improvement Protocol 45: Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment.https://store.samhsa.gov/product/TIP-45-Detoxification-and-Substance-Abuse-Treatment/SMA15-4131
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: Behavioral Therapies.https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/evidence-based-approaches-to-drug-addiction-treatment/behavioral-therapies