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Ketamine is used to treat some forms of addiction and depression.
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Fentanyl

Sounds Like: fin.tuh.NEEL

Classification: Opioid Analgesic

Controlled Substance Act Schedule: II

Other names for Fentanyl

  • Apache
  • Dance Fever
  • Friend
  • Goodfellas
  • Great Bear
  • China Town
  • China White
  • Poison
  • He-Man
  • Jackpot

Fentanyl Addiction

What is Fentanyl?

Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic opioid prescribed for moderate-to-severe pain. It belongs to a class of drugs called opioid analgesics, or pain relievers. Fentanyl is known to be 50-to-100 times stronger than other opioids like morphine or heroin. The synthetic opioid is most commonly used to manage chronic pain in cancer patients aged 18 or older.

Fentanyl Addiction

Fentanyl has a high risk for addiction. Any person who uses opioids can develop a tolerance or addiction. People who take Fentanyl without a prescription to get high may experience short-term effects of sedation, extreme happiness and relaxation. As a result, they could develop a tolerance to the drug as the effects become shorter and shorter. 

If withdrawal symptoms occur when a person stops taking fentanyl, that’s a sign their mind or body has become dependent on the drug. Repeated use of fentanyl increases the risk of a fatal overdose, even in small doses. Prolonged use can cause breathing problems, drowsiness and lightheadedness. If you drink alcohol while taking fentanyl or unknowingly combine it with street drugs, your breathing can slow down or stop, leading to death.

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Intended Use of Fentanyl

In 2011, the FDA approved the use of fentanyl nasal spray to help manage breakthrough pain in cancer patients. It’s normally prescribed for patients who’re already receiving and are tolerant to opioid therapy for their prolonged cancer pain. Fentanyl is extremely lethal in small doses and is not recommended for use in children.

How Fentanyl Is Taken

Fentanyl is taken as a sublingual (under the tongue) tablet in strengths of 100 to 800 micrograms. It can also be administered in patch form and as a nasal spray. The appropriate dose of fentanyl varies from patient to patient.

Side Effects of
Fentanyl

If any of these side effects become severe, immediately call a doctor.

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Pale skin
  • Feeling weak or tired
  • Dry mouth
  • Constipation (Opioid-induced)
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Swelling in hands or feet
  • Confusion
  • Skin irritation

Signs of an
Addiction to Fentanyl

Uncontrolled cravings for fentanyl

Unsuccessful attempts to stop using the drug

Physical, flu-like withdrawal symptoms

Prioritizing use of fentanyl over spending time with family or friends

Legal or financial problems

Use of fentanyl despite adverse of negative behaviors

Stealing items or money to purchase fentanyl

Lying to doctors or therapists to get more fentanyl

Fentanyl
Abuse Facts

Actor Michael K. Williams (HBO’s “The Wire”) died from an overdose of fentanyl in 2021

Over 150 people die every day from overdoses related to synthetic opioids like fentanyl

More than 56,000 Americans died from synthetic opioid-related overdoses in 2020