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Sober Fact
Ketamine is used to treat some forms of addiction and depression.
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Alcohol

Sounds Like: al.kuh.hall

Classification: depressantanalgesic

Controlled Substance Act Schedule: Unscheduled

Other names for Alcohol

  • Beer
  • Liquor
  • Wine
  • Spirits
  • Juice
  • Hard stuff
  • Suds
  • Hooch

Alcohol Addiction

Alcoholism is a chronic condition characterized by symptoms that include impairment of the very mental faculties that would regulate consumption. It can indirectly cause physical dependence on alcohol to develop as a result of excess consumption. The likelihood of addiction varies from person to person based on a variety of factors. Just as many of those factors are environmental as are congenital.
For instance, it’s well established among addictionologists that those with a family history of alcoholism are more likely to develop it themselves. On the other hand, lots of people with no such family history are obviously developing it also. It’s been theorized that major factors include how accessible alcoholic beverages are to a person, especially early in life, but also what the attitudes of that person’s family members and friends are toward alcohol. Little more than half of those struggling with alcohol use disorder are genetically predisposed to alcoholism according to a widely cited 2006 study published in Current Psychiatry Reports.

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Intended Use of Alcohol

Ethanol is a psychoactive drug that serves as the primary ingredient in what amounts to one of the oldest, common recreational substances in history. Since the beverage is believed to have been a recreational option even for cavemen in pre- and proto-historic China, it is widely held that recreation is, in fact, the intended use for alcohol. That said, it also bears modern, medical uses like its application as an antiseptic and disinfectant. It also doubles as a chemical solvent in general, and it also has a major economic presence worldwide as a common fuel source.

How Alcohol Is Taken

Alcohol is almost exclusively consumed via drink. Different types of alcoholic beverages contain different concentrations of ethanol fermented from sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes like ethylene hydration.

Side Effects of
Alcohol

  • euphoria
  • relaxation
  • poor judgment
  • lack of coordination
  • difficulty thinking or remembering
  • unconsciousness
  • frequent urination
  • alcohol poisoning
  • hangovers
  • death

Signs of an
Addiction to Alcohol

Driving under the influence on more than one occasion

Unsuccessful attempts to stop drinking

Prioritizing drinking over spending time with family or friends

Commonly hungover in the morning

Drinking during daytime work hours or in the morning without regard for daytime responsibilities

Alcohol
Abuse Facts

A 2010 study took statements from drug-harm experts and found alcohol to be, by far, the most socially detrimental drug of choice, dealing the greatest measure of harm to a society as a whole.

The oldest evidence of winemaking is dated to the region of modern-day Georgia in the South Caucasus some 5,800 years ago.

Alcohol consumption is ranked fifth among the top ten causes of cancer in a comprehensive, executive summary of all the research done on cancer risks as of 2013.