If you’re in need of a safe and effective rehab program, Landmark Recovery has just the one you’re looking for right here in Wisconsin at our Milwaukee location. Treating addiction is our specialty, and we make sure to employ the best and most effective methods to treat alcohol addiction.
Alcohol is one of the most common psychoactive drugs used today. It acts as a mild stimulant at low doses but begins to act as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant the more you consume. Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is the name of the chemical form of alcohol. Most cases of alcoholism are likely genetic in origin, owing to possible genetic predisposition to addictive behaviors. Even though it seems as if genetics are destiny when it comes to addiction, this can be overcome thanks to many new resources we have today.
How is alcohol processed in the body? When alcohol is consumed, the stomach secretes an enzyme that begins the process of breaking down alcohol called ADH; this accounts for up to 15% of the body processing alcohol. As alcohol works its way through your digestive system, more ADH is secreted. ADH breaks down the alcohol into acetaldehyde. ADH production and secretion is rate-limited by another enzyme called NAD.
You feel drunk because of the limitations of the body to process the alcohol quickly, so the ethyl alcohol compounds in your blood. Once acetaldehyde is produced, more ADH comes along to convert acetaldehyde into acetic acid, which is then broken down further by ATP into carbon dioxide and water. The acetaldehyde produced while the body is processing alcohol is responsible for nasty hangovers. Acetaldehyde is far more toxic than alcohol.
Alcohol is one of the oldest intoxicating substances made by humans. The oldest version of alcohol is a form of mead, probably made somewhere around the upper Mesopotamian region or the Caucasus. Different forms of alcohol (as well as other psychoactive substances) were once used primarily as a type of communal “entheogen” and not solely to have a good time or get purposelessly drunk. This kind of society-wide regulation of entheogens acted as a kind of social guardrail. In the West, the modern process of the distillation of spirits was first documented extensively by the European alchemist Ramon Llull around the 13th century; nine-time distilled wine in China was mentioned by Eastern alchemist Ko Hung by the 4th century AD.
Wine was also closely developed alongside this primitive version of honey-based alcoholic beverages, probably originating from a batch of grape extracts accidentally left to ferment. Drugs like alcohol and heroin weren’t really a problem at scale for thousands of years, due to the specialization required to create liquor at scale, the simple unavailability of primitive distilled spirits, and heroin not being developed in stable forms yet until the 19th century in labs. Now the situation is far different.
What are the symptoms of alcohol intoxication? Intoxication is measured traditionally in “blood alcohol content” or BAC. Virtually all American state and local governments have their legal limit for DUIs set at 0.08% BAC. At 0.05% BAC, an individual possesses social lubrication, lowered anxiety, and disinhibition. At 0.08% BAC, they have impaired motor function, impaired cognition, impaired judgement, and massive disinhibition. At 0.15% BAC, ataxia, motor impairment, impaired reaction time, and blackouts can happen at this level. At 0.30% BAC they can pass out, and if you go any higher, then you’re in the danger zone. 0.40% BAC is considered the lethal dose for 50% of people.
Alcohol is dangerous at higher doses due to the wide range of tolerances and the risk of approaching coma or death from 0.3% BAC and higher. Alcohol also introduces a risk of cancer for those who drink higher amounts over longer periods of time.
In the state of Wisconsin, drinking rates are quite high compared to the rest of the United States. The 18- to 25-year-old group, which has the highest rate of drinking among any age group in Wisconsin, has a drinking rate of 66.35% per month. Their binge drinking rate is 43.23%, which is dramatically higher than all other groups. For those over the age of 17, the total adult drinking rate for the state is 64.75%.
Landmark Recovery is proud to offer the best in alcohol rehab services to our patients. Outpatient, residential, and partial hospitalization treatment is offered at our facilities, allowing our patients to have multiple treatment paths forward. Medication-assisted treatment is also provided for severe cases of withdrawal to ensure the path to a full and lasting recovery is made easy.
While here, we offer counseling and therapy to treat the root causes of addiction as part of our holistic treatment program. 12-step programs, including AA and NA, are available for patients so they can reinforce their recovery education and build relationships with figures that might help them build accountability and lasting friendships. After you leave our care and supervision, we give graduates access to a nationwide alumni association with as many post-treatment educational opportunities as possible.
To get more information on Landmark Recovery’s rehab program, call us at 888-448-0302 today. Live beyond addiction and get back on track with Landmark.
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1) Cato Unbound (2008). Towards a Culture of Responsible Psychoactive Drug Use.https://www.cato-unbound.org/2008/09/08/earth-fire-erowid/towards-culture-responsible-psychoactive-drug-use
2) National Library of Medicine (2012). The Genetic Basis of Addictive Disorders.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/labs/pmc/articles/PMC3506170/
3) Twitter. Landmark Recovery ADH (2021).https://twitter.com/landmarkrecover/status/1423344286066696197
4) Amazon. Food of the Gods: The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge A Radical History of Plants, Drugs, and Human Evolution Paperback (1993).https://www.amazon.com/Food-Gods-Original-Knowledge-Evolution/dp/0553371304
5) Springer Link (2016). Mead: The Oldest Alcoholic Beverage.https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4899-7648-2_26
6) Lorien Psychiatry (2021). Alcoholism.https://lorienpsych.com/2021/02/23/alcoholism/
7) Landmark Recovery (2021). Am I an Alcoholic?https://landmarkrecovery.com/ask-am-i-an-alcoholic/
8) Landmark Recovery (2018). What Alcohol Does To Your Liver.https://landmarkrecovery.com/what-alcohol-does-to-your-liver/
9) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2021).https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-2019-nsduh-state-specific-tables