Sounds Like: ad.dur.rawl
Classification: Central Nervous (CNS) Stimulant
Controlled Substance Act Schedule: II
Other names for Adderall
Adderall is a brand-name prescription drug containing amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. This combination medication belongs to a class of drugs known as central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. It’s a popular medicine used to treat behavior problems in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and others with narcolepsy. Also known as a “study drug,” many high school and college students take Adderall to focus on homework.
Due to its short-term effects, Adderall has a high risk of addiction. The prescription stimulant is known to improve attention and focus. It accomplishes this by increasing the number of brain chemicals that contribute to higher concentration levels and decreased fatigue. It’s one of the most commonly abused stimulants. In 2021, over nine million people over 12 misused Adderall and other CNS stimulants in the past year, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH).
Repeated use of Adderall can lead to mental and physical dependence, especially for people who take it without a prescription or use more than what was prescribed. Prolonged use can cause severe symptoms such as sleeping problems, irregular heartbeats, and mood swings. Drinking alcohol while taking Adderall or combining it with street drugs can increase the risk of severe complications like strokes, seizures, or a fatal heart attack.
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Originally developed in 1996, Adderall is used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. ADHD is a disorder commonly found in children who struggle to stay focused. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that causes extreme drowsiness. When taken as prescribed, Adderall works to improve both conditions by increasing heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure so that children can stay focused and people can stay awake.
Take Adderall exactly as directed by your doctor or pharmacist.
Adderall is normally swallowed as an orange, oblong capsule. Doctors recommend taking Adderall one to three times a day, usually four to six hours apart.
If any of these side effects become severe, immediately call a doctor.
Uncontrolled cravings for Adderall
Unsuccessful attempts to stop using the drug
Prioritizing use of the drug over spending time with family or friends
Legal or financial problems
Use of Adderall despite adverse of negative behaviors
High blood pressure
Insomnia (trouble sleeping)
In 2019, more than 24 million prescriptions of Adderall were filled in the United States, making it the 24th most popular prescription drug.
Singer Justin Bieber, actress Amanda Bynes and rapper Machine Gun Kelly have all experienced addictions to Adderall.
Adderall pills (tablets or capsules) cost around $10 without insurance.