A dependency on cocaine can result in painful withdrawal symptoms whenever you try to stop regular usage. Landmark Recovery of Oklahoma City can help manage these symptoms, guiding you through your detox from cocaine and onto the path to recovery.
Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. 1 The two most common forms of the drug are a white powder and a freebase, crystalline solid called crack cocaine. Depending on the form of the drug, cocaine can be smoked, snorted, or injected. Cocaine stimulates key receptors within the brain to create intense feelings of pleasure and euphoria. 2 Unfortunately, cocaine’s interaction with the reward system of the brain also leads to a powerful reinforcement of use that contributes to its high abuse potential.
Cocaine users quickly develop a tolerance to the drug, causing them to use cocaine repeatedly and at increasingly higher doses to achieve the same effect. Binging on cocaine is very dangerous, as this causes a rapid elevation in blood pressure and heart rate that can lead to heart attack, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage, respiratory failure, and death. 3
Cocaine is commonly abused in Oklahoma. According to results from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, around 63,000 residents aged 12 or older (approximately 2% of the state’s population) report the current use of cocaine. 4 Around 1 in 17 young adults (aged 18 to 25) in Oklahoma are cocaine users, and at least 1 in 25 high school students have used cocaine at some point in their lives. 5
Like elsewhere throughout the country, cocaine addiction is a major health issue in the state. According to the most recent Treatment Episode Data Set, cocaine was reported as the primary substance of use in 1 of every 20 admissions to state drug addiction treatment facilities in 2019. 6
When you are ready to face your cocaine addiction and undergo cocaine detox, give yourself the best chance for success by seeking help at a professional treatment center. Before starting any form of therapy, you must first quit use of the drug and go through detoxification (or cocaine addiction detox) to eliminate all traces of cocaine from your system. The specific cocaine detox process for each person will vary based on factors like their duration of abuse and severity of addiction.
If you have abused cocaine for a long time, you will find that you need the drug to function and feel normal. This dependence will lead to cocaine withdrawal when you decide to significantly reduce use or completely stop taking it. Cocaine is a fast-acting drug and most people will crash and start to experience withdrawal symptoms within a few hours of stopping use. Most symptoms of withdrawal will taper off within a week, although some intense cravings for cocaine can persist for several months. Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal can include: 7
The negative symptoms and intense cravings associated with cocaine withdrawal are enough to compel many users to relapse and start using the drug again. Some of the effects of cocaine withdrawal can even become life-threatening if not properly treated. For example, the severe depression that is often experienced during cocaine withdrawal can lead to suicidal thoughts and actions. 7 It is therefore highly recommended that you undergo cocaine detox at a treatment center under the care and monitoring of trained medical professionals.
Landmark Recovery of Oklahoma City is proud to offer a medically supervised cocaine detox at our locally based treatment facility. We provide around-the-clock care and support to make sure that you are safe and comfortable throughout the entire detox process. You will also be closely monitored for signs of suicidality and treated for depression when necessary.
We may also administer certain prescription medications that can help offset some of the symptoms experienced during cocaine withdrawal. Drugs that may be used during detox include:
After the completion of our cocaine detox program at Landmark Recovery of OKC, you will have the opportunity to seamlessly transition into our science-based, evidence-backed cocaine addiction treatment. Our personalized cocaine treatment programs employ a combination of individual and group counseling and proven behavioral therapies to help address your underlying cause of cocaine addiction and teach the skills and behaviors needed to prevent the risk of future relapse.
We can help prepare you to live beyond addiction. Talk to a recovery specialist today.
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1) National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine Research Report: What is Cocaine?https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-cocaine
2) Nestler EJ. The neurobiology of cocaine addiction. Science and Practice Perspectives. 2005;3(1):4-10.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18552739/
3) National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Cocaine Research Report: What are the Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Use?https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-are-long-term-effects-cocaine-use
4) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2020). National Survey on Drug Use and Health: 2017-2018 State-Specific Tables, Tables 83-84. Oklahoma.https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2017-2018-nsduh-state-specific-tables
5) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). High School Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance — Oklahoma 2019 and United States 2019 Results.https://nccd.cdc.gov/Youthonline/App/Results.aspx?TT=G&OUT=0&SID=HS&QID=QQ&LID=OK&YID=2019&LID2=XX&YID2=2019&COL=T&ROW1=N&ROW2=N&HT=QQ&LCT=LL&FS=S1&FR=R1&FG=G1&FA=A1&FI=I1&FP=P1&FSL=S1&FRL=R1&FGL=G1&FAL=A1&FIL=I1&FPL=P1&PV=&TST=True&C1=OK2019&C2=XX2019&QP=G&DP=1&VA=CI&CS=Y&SYID=&EYID=&SC=DEFAULT&SO=ASC&PF=1
6) Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set. (2020). Oklahoma TEDS admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use and gender, age at admission, race, and ethnicity: Percent, 2019.https://wwwdasis.samhsa.gov/webt/newmapv1.htm
7) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2015). Treatment Improvement Protocol 45: Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment.https://store.samhsa.gov/product/TIP-45-Detoxification-and-Substance-Abuse-Treatment/SMA15-4131
8) Siniscalchi A, Bonci A, Biagio Mercuri N, et al. The Role of Topiramate in the Management of Cocaine Addiction: a Possible Therapeutic Option. Current Neuropharmacology. 2015;13(6):815-818.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4759320/
9) Kampman KM, Dackis C, Lynch KG, et al. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of amantadine, propranolol, and their combination for the treatment of cocaine dependence in patients with severe cocaine withdrawal symptoms. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2006;85(2):129-137.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16697124/
10) Kampman KM, Volpicelli JR, Alterman AI, Cornish J, O'Brien CP. Amantadine in the treatment of cocaine-dependent patients with severe withdrawal symptoms. The American Journal of Psychiatry. 2000;157(12):2052-2054.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11097979/
11) Jobes ML, Ghitza UE, Epstein DH, Phillips KA, Heishman SJ, Preston KL. Clonidine blocks stress-induced craving in cocaine users. Psychopharmacology. 2011;218(1):83-88.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21399902/
12) Anderson AL, Reid MS, Li SH, et al. Modafinil for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2009;104(1-2):133-139.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2818032/
13) Haile CN, De La Garza R, Mahoney JJ, Nielsen DA, Kosten TR, Newton TF. The impact of disulfiram treatment on the reinforcing effects of cocaine: a randomized clinical trial. PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e47702.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3493584/
14) Shoptaw S, Yang X, Rotheram-Fuller EJ, et al. Randomized placebo-controlled trial of baclofen for cocaine dependence: preliminary effects for individuals with chronic patterns of cocaine use. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2003;64(12):1440-1448.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14728105/